In Slovakia, the legal definition of ‘victim’ is a person who sustained bodily injury, financial harm, moral (psychological) or other injury, or whose legally protected rights or freedoms were infringed or jeopardised, as the result of a crime.
Only an individual, legal entity or the state may be deemed a victim.
The victim is an independent participant in the criminal proceedings.
There are two groups of victims distinguished by the law: a victim who is entitled to damages and a victim who is not entitled to damages (only has procedural rights).
Throughout the course of the entire criminal proceedings, the victim is afforded various rights, among which is the right to make a claim for damages.